The “ITS DAY”, the event dedicated to professionalizing tertiary education, took place on Tuesday 14 June at the Ministry of Education.
The Minister, Patrizio Bianchi, and the Head of the Department for the education and training system of the Ministry, Stefano Versari, took part in the event in the “Aldo Moro” room.
During the day, the main data on the performance of the Higher Technical Institutes were presented together with experts and key players in the sector. According to the monitoring data, carried out by INDIRE, 80% of graduates found work in 2021 and, of these, over 90% in an area consistent with their studies.
During the morning, the promotional spot was also presented to inform students and families about the opportunities offered by the ITSs and the available paths. The collaboration between the Ministry of Education and Rai was also mentioned, which, thanks to the “Cercasi talento” (Talent Wanted) programme, made this supply chain known to a wide audience.
Ample space was given to development opportunities for ITS in EU Projects, with the presentation of the best projects carried out by four ITSs. With regard to the European dimension of the ITS courses, the support plans and development opportunities offered were illustrated, as well as the initiatives undertaken.
Five ITSs were also awarded a prize for the best projects by theme and path, carried out as part of the ITS 4.0 Programme, which every year involves an increasingly large number of ITSs and highly motivated students to face the challenges proposed by the training programme which brings together school and business in innovation processes.
“The investment we are making in the ITSs through the PNRR is strategic, not only for youths, but for the whole country – says the Minister of Education, Patrizio Bianchi -. The data from the latest monitoring on Higher Technical Institutes confirm the high quality and effectiveness of this training segment. With 1.5 billion until 2026, we aim to strengthen the paths, maintaining their identity and their precious and specific relationship with the territories, and to make them even more attractive for young people. We want to create a national educational network, to make the system more solid and integrated, as well as enrich the offer, in line with the needs of the productive fabric and with the new fields of the economy”.
2022 monitoring: the main data
The employment performance of ITS graduates one year after graduation
Eleven years after its inception, the system of Higher Technical Institutes confirms its effectiveness in terms of employability, despite the pandemic. The data from the 2022 national monitoring of ITS paths, carried out by INDIRE on behalf of the Ministry of Education, show that, out of 5,280 graduates, 80% (4,218) found employment during the year 2021, despite the restrictions and difficulties caused by the pandemic: from March 2020 to December 2020 the training courses necessarily took place in distance learning mode and only in some companies it was possible to host the students.
The survey focused on the analysis of the 260 monitored pathways completed in 2020, provided by 89 ITS Foundations out of 103 already established in 2018. Of the 4,218 ITS graduates who found work one year after graduation, 3,836 (90.9% of employed graduates) are in an area consistent with their studies. The remaining percentage includes those who have not found work, or who have enrolled in a university course, or who are still engaged in extracurricular internships.
From the analysis of the data relating to employed graduates in the various technological areas, it emerges that the area of sustainable mobility and the mechanical system record the best performances (85.7% and 84.7%). From the analysis of the type of contract of the employed graduates, it emerges that, 12 months after graduation, 1,946 ITS graduates (46.1% of the employed) found work with a fixed-term contract or self-employed work under a subsidized regime; 1,245 graduates (29.5 %) were hired with a permanent contract or self-employment under the ordinary regime; and 1,027 (24.3%) with a third-level apprenticeship contract.
The students of the ITSs
There were 6,874 students enrolled in the 260 ITS courses monitored in 2020, these were mainly male students (72.4%). Those enrolled are mainly young people: 37.9% are recent high school graduates (18–19-year-olds), while those between 20 and 24 years of age are 41.9%. Fewer people are over 25 years old (20.2%).
ITS training courses
ITSs are characterized by organizational and didactic flexibility, a governance network with a prevalent presence of companies and the ability to intercept innovation, with particular regard to the technologies of the ITS 4.0 Project. The courses in avant-garde technological sectors provided by ITSs have a duration of two years and in some cases three years and refer to the areas of sustainable mobility, energy efficiency, innovative technologies for cultural heritage and activities/tourism, information and communication technologies, New technologies of life and New technologies for Made in Italy, divided in turn into the agro-food system, mechanical system, fashion system, business services, and home system.
The courses are designed on the basis of three-year regional planning plans, prepared with reference to the national figures envisaged by the Decree of 7 February 2013 for each technological area and with regard to both the training needs of the various territories with respect to the specific production chains and the needs for scientific, technological and organizational innovation of companies. They meet certain minimum standards, such as compulsory internships in companies and laboratories for at least 30% of the total number of hours, presence of no less than 50% of teachers from the world of work, who hold specific professional experience gained in the sector for at least five years (D.P.C.M. 25 January 2008). The diploma issued by the ITSs at the end of the two-year course is placed at the 5th level EQF (European Qualification Framework); the diploma issued at the end of the three-year course, at the 4th EQF level.
The teachers of the ITS courses completed in 2020 were 9,161. They have different professional backgrounds: business (71.9%), university (11.7%), school (10.6%), training agency (4.2%) and research centre (1.8%). The 6,583 teachers from the world of work carry out 72.3% of the total hours of teaching, this proportion is exceed by Information and Communication Technologies (77.9%), Innovative Technologies for Cultural Heritage and Activities – Tourism (76.6%) and the area of New technologies for Made in Italy: the home system (77.5%) and the fashion system (77.5%).
The paths awarded a prize are 142 (54.6% of the total monitored paths). The Regions with the highest percentage of prized paths are Umbria (83.3%), Piedmont (78.9%), Veneto (65.8%), Lombardy (65.3%), Emilia-Romagna (63.6%) %).