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Ricerca per l'innovazione della scuola italiana

Leadership for Equity – L4E

The Leadership for Equity – L4E research project was born following the suspension of face-to face teaching activities due to the spreading of the new coronavirus.

With the introduction of distance learning as an ordinary method of teaching/ learning, new critical issues have emerged, but also new and extraordinary opportunities to rethink schooling.

The health emergency has increased social inequalities and brought to light the great differences that exist both between schools and between teachers within schools. On an organizational level, the pandemic is an example of an emergency situation of exceptional gravity that required a strategic discontinuity and the need to manage change on a collective scale.

Aspects such as leadership skills of the head teacher, the collaborative attitude of teachers, the propensity to adapt, the sense of community, and the presence of distributed leadership have all shown their relevance in determining the type of response that the schools have been able to give in the emergency.

Accounting for the described scenario, the research project aims to identify and analyse which organizational models have facilitated adaptation readiness to the changed contexts resulting from the lockdown.

In particular, the practices implemented to respond to the emergency and to build a professional learning community capable of guaranteeing the inclusion of all students and the participation and involvement of families during the distance learning period are analysed, mainly with qualitative methods.

Strongly connected to the research activity on governance models, this project starts from a collaboration with the research group coordinated by Angelo Paletta, professor at the Department of Business Sciences of the University of Bologna.


The research involves about 25 schools and training institutions:

IIS “Savoia Benincasa” (Ancona); Liceo “Attilio Bertolucci” (Parma); IC 3 of Modena; ITT “Artemisia Gentileschi” (Milan); IC of Lozzo Atestino (PD); I Circolo didattico S. Filippo (Città di Castello – PG); IC Civitella-Torricella (Civitella del Tronto – TE); IC “Daniele Spada” (Sovere – BG); Liceo “Antonio Vallone” (Galatina – LE); IPPSEOA “Bernardo Buontalenti” (Florence); ISIS “Arturo Malignani” (Udine); IPPSEOA “Pietro Piazza” (Palermo); IIS “Leopoldo Pirelli” (Rome); IC Japigia1-Verga (Bari); “Alessandro Manzoni” Schools (Bologna); “Antonio Pacinotti” Liceo (Cagliari); “Angelo Musco” All-Inclusive Institute (Catania); IIS Verona-Trento (Messina); Liceo “Enrico Fermi”  (Genoa); ITT “Giordani-Striano” (Naples); ITE “Piria-Ferraris” (Reggio Calabria); IIS “Enzo Ferrari” (Susa – TO); Liceo “Galileo Galilei” (Dolo – VE); ITT “Marco Polo” (Florence); CPIA of Formia (LT); Associazione Formazione Professionale Patronato San Vincenzo (Bergamo).